"When faith is all about convictions rather than living with the questions of life, this can not only hollow out the language of faith but lull people into thinking that all of life’s complexities can be resolved through simple Q&A. This is an ideological battle and may be the biggest threat to our democracy, for liberal democracies thrive on people’s desire to feel alive, the freedom to explore, to imagine, to take intellectual and emotional risks, to live with all kinds of uncertainties. Islam too has this history but it’s now competing with the convictions pedaled by extremists who have become the refuge for many; theirs is a wholly different narrative of fear with a simple but deadly solution. At the beginning of Ramadan, an ISIS spokesman said “Aspire to battle in this noble month … make Ramadan a month of disasters for the unbelievers.” The events in Tunisia show that for Isis, fasting and killing others is the perfect answer to an imperfect world. It is ritual without ethics."
Professor Mona Siddiqui, Islamic Law and Interreligious Studies at the University of Edinburgh.