By Glenn Greenwald - www.guardian.co.uk - Copyright All Rights Reserved
One prominent strain shaping American reaction to the protests in the
Muslim world is bafflement, and even anger, that those Muslims are not
more grateful to the US. After all, goes this thinking, the US bestowed
them with the gifts of freedom and democracy – the very rights they are
now exercising – so how could they possibly be anything other than
thankful? Under this worldview, it is especially confounding that the
US, their savior and freedom-provider, would be the target of their
On Wednesday, USA Today published an article with the headline "After attacks in Egypt
and Libya, USA Today asks: Why?" The paper appeared to tell its readers
that it was the US that freed the Egyptian people from tyranny
in Libya that left four US diplomats dead – including Ambassador
Christopher Stevens – and a mob invasion of the US Embassy in Cairo, in
which the US flag was torn to shreds, have left many to wonder: How can
people the USA helped free from murderous dictators treat it in such a
Did you know that the "USA helped free" Egyptians from their murderous dictator? On Thursday night, NBC News published a nine-minute report
on Brian Williams' "Rock Center" program featuring its foreign
correspondent, Richard Engel, reporting on the demonstrations in Cairo,
which sounded exactly the same theme. Standing in front of protesting
Egyptians in Tahrir Square, Engel informed viewers that this was all so
very baffling because it was taking place "in Cairo, where the US turned
its back on its old friend Hosni Mubarak", and then added:
is somewhat ironic with American diplomats inside the embassy who
helped to give these demonstrators, these protesters, a voice, and
allowed them to actually carry out these anti-American clashes that
we're seeing right now."
That it was the US who freed Egyptians and "allowed them" the right to protest
would undoubtedly come as a great surprise to many Egyptians. That is
the case even beyond the decades of arming, funding and general support
from the US for their hated dictator (to his credit, Engel including a
snippet of an interview with Tariq Ramadan pointing out that the US long
supported the region's dictators).
Beyond the long-term US
support for Mubarak, Egyptians would likely find it difficult to
reconcile Engel's claim that the US freed them with the "made in USA" logos on the tear gas cannisters used against them by Mubarak's security forces; or with Hillary Clinton's touching 2009 declaration that "I really consider President and Mrs Mubarak to be friends of my family"; or with Obama's support for Mubarak up until the very last minute when his downfall became inevitable; or with the fact that the Obama administration plan was to engineer the ascension of the loathed, US-loyal torturer Omar Suleiman as Mubarak's replacement in the name of "stability".
the history of the US in Egypt, both long-term and very recent, it
takes an extraordinary degree of self-delusion and propaganda to depict
Egyptian anger toward the US as "ironic" on the ground that it was the
US who freed them and "allowed" them the right to protest. But that is
precisely the theme being propagated by most US media outlets.
in Libya, where it's certainly true that many Libyans are happy about
the Nato intervention, this bafflement is misplaced. It's always the case
that some portion of the populace of an invaded nation will be happy
about even the most unjustified invasions: that the Kurds are thrilled
by the Iraq war is a fact still cited by Iraq war advocates as proof of the war's justness and wisdom.
it's also the case that such invasions produce extreme anger, as well:
among the families of those killed by the invading forces, or who suffer
from the resulting lawlessness and instability. Combine that with the
fact that it was repeatedly noted that US involvement in Libya meant
that anti-US extremists, including al-Qaida, were being armed and
empowered by the US, it is far from mystifying, as Secretary Clinton insisted, that some people in Libya are deeply hostile to the US and want to do it harm.
the same report, Engel also spent several moments explaining that the
primary reason these Muslims have such animosity toward the US is
because their heads have been filled for years with crazy conspiracy
theories about how the US and Israel are responsible for their woes.
These conspiracies, he said, were fed to them by their dictators to
distract attention from their own corruption.
Let's leave aside
the irony of the American media decrying crazy "conspiracy theories" in
other countries, when it is the US that attacked another country based
on nonexistent weapons and fabricated secret alliances with al-Qaida.
One should acknowledge that there is some truth to Engel's claim that
the region's tyrants fueled citizen rage toward the US and Israel as a
means of distracting from their own failings and corruption.
to act as though Muslim anger toward the US and Israel is primarily the
by-product of crazy conspiracy theories is itself a crazy conspiracy
theory. It's in the world of reality, not conspiracy, where the US and
Israel have continuously brought extreme amounts of violence to the
Muslim world, routinely killing their innocent men, women and children.
Listening to Engel, one would never know about tiny little matters like
the bombing of Gaza and Lebanon, the almost five-decade long oppression
of Palestinians, the widely hated, child-killing drone campaign, or the attack on Iraq.
it's in the world of reality, not conspiracy, where the US really has
continuously interfered in their countries' governance by propping up
and supporting their dictators. Intense Muslim animosity toward the US, including in Egypt, long pre-dates this film, and the reasons aren't hard to discern.
That's precisely why the US supported tyranny in these countries for so
long: to ensure that the citizens' views, so contrary to US policy,
would be suppressed and rendered irrelevant.
It doesn't take a
propagandized populace to be angry at the US for such actions. It takes a
propagandized populace to be shocked at that anger and to view it with
bafflement and resentment on the ground that they should, instead, be
grateful because we "freed" them.
But to see why exactly such a
propagandized populace exists in the US and has been led to believe such
myth and conspiracies, simply read that USA Today article or watch the
NBC News report on these protests as they convince Americans that
gratitude, rather than resentment, should be the sentiment people in
that region feel toward the US.